POAC’71 - Trondheim
The first POAC Conference was held at the Technical University of Norway,
in Trondheim, Norway on August 23-30, 1971. There were almost 100 papers
presented at the conference. The sessions included ice properties, ice forces,
navigation in ice, and special sessions on harbors in Norway, fishing and
fishing technology, armored breakwaters in the north, and pollution in lakes
and fjords. Professor Per Bruun was the Chairman of the conference.
POAC’73 - Reykjavik
The second POAC conference was held at the University of Iceland in
Reykjavik, Iceland on August 27-30, 1973. There were over 70 papers at the
conference. Dr. T. Karlsson was the Chairman of the conference.
POAC’75 - Fairbanks
The third conference was held at the Institute of Marine Science at the
University of Alaska in Fairbanks, Alaska on August 11-15, 1975. There were
over 130 papers at the conference with plenary lectures on the future of oil
and gas exploration and development in Canada (C. Hetherington) and the search
for a unified policy of offshore oil and gas development in Alaska (G.R. Martin).
Special sessions were held on remote sensing, the Arctic seabed, and the Japanese
panel on marine facilities. Drs. D. Hood and D. Burrell co-chaired the conference.
Photos from POAC’75
POAC’77 - St. John’s
The fourth POAC Conference was held at Memorial University of Newfoundland in
St. John’s, Canada on September 26-30, 1977. There were 84 papers presented at
the conference with six invited lectures including offshore ice engineering (K.
Croasdale), ice drift simulation (W. Hibler), ice modeling (J. Schwarz), fisheries
management (Th. J. Tienstra), near shore current treatments and ice engineering
(K. Horikawa) and ice forces on lighthouses (J. Danys). Professor Ross Peters was the
Chairman of the conference.
Photos from POAC’77
POAC’79 - Trondheim
The fifth POAC Conference was once again held in Norway at the Norwegian Institute
of Technology in Trondheim from August 13-18, 1979. There were over 100 papers
presented with sessions related to ice and the shoreline, pack ice and icebergs,
remote sensing, environment and oil spills, oceanography and meteorology, ice properties,
soil mechanics, and marine and harbor structures. Professor Per Bruun was the Chairman
of the conference.
Photos from POAC’79
POAC’81 - Quebec City
The sixth conference was held in Quebec City, Canada from July 27-31, 1981. This
conference was held at the same time as the IAHR Symposium on Ice. Both conferences
were held in Quebec City but at different hotels. Registered participants could attend
either conference. The POAC conference had 120 papers with plenary lectures on the
environmental impact of hydro plants in northern Quebec (A. Soucy) and Dome Petroleum’s
operations in the Beaufort Sea (B. Johansson). The conference had similar themes to the
previous one, but more papers related to marine transportation in ice-covered waters.
Professor Bernard Michel was the Chairman of the conference.
Photos from POAC’81
POAC’83 - Helsinki
The seventh conference was held in Finland at the Technical Research Center of Finland
in Helsinki from April 5-9, 1983. This was the largest POAC with over 160 papers and 300
registered participants. There was, in fact, a registered participant from Senegal! There
were plenary lectures related to Arctic research in Finland (P. Jauho) and the icebreaking
research (Chr. Landtman) as well as a short note on the international role of POAC by Per
Bruun. Professor Pauli Jumppanen was the Chairman of the conference.
Photos from POAC’83
POAC’85 - Narssarssuaq
The eighth POAC Conference was held at Narssarssuaq in Greenland from September 7-14,
1985. This was a unique POAC Conference since the number of participants was limited by
the accommodation space available at Narssarssuaq. Special charter flights were arranged
from North America and Europe to Greenland. In spite of its remote location, there were
over 100 papers presented at this conference. Several plenary lectures were given including
past environmental changes in the north-Atlantic region (W. Dansgaard), the Inuit Circumpolar
Conference (H.P. Rosing), and environmental issues in the Arctic (L. Rey and R. Engelhart).
Per Tryde was the Chairman of the conference.
Photos from POAC’85
POAC’87 - Fairbanks
The ninth conference was held at the University of Alaska in Fairbanks, USA from August
17-21, 1987. Over 120 papers were presented with a wide range of topics. There was an emphasis
on Beaufort Sea activities with special sessions on spray ice, ice climate and forecasting,
Arctic port design, and icebreaking vessels. Professor Bill Sackinger was the Chairman of the
Photos from POAC’87
POAC’89 - Luleå
The tenth conference was held at the Luleå University of Technology in Luleå, Sweden from
June 12-16, 1989. Although there had been a strong downturn in Beaufort Sea exploration, there
was still considerable interest and good attendance at the conference. Sessions included ice
forces on structures, constitutive and numerical modeling of ice, materials and components in
the Arctic, and operations in the Arctic. Dr. K. Axelsson was the Chairman of the conference.
Photos from POAC’89
POAC’91 - St. John’s
The eleventh POAC Conference was held in St. John’s, Canada from September 24-28, 1991.
This was the second time that the conference was held in St. John’s. Keynote lectures
included structures in ice (K. Croasdale), design of offshore concrete structures (B.C. Gerwick
Jr.), an overview of research at AARI (B. Ionov) and ice forces and crushing (A.C. Palmer).
Professor Derek Muggeridge was the Chairman of the conference.
POAC’93 - Hamburg
The twelfth conference was hosted by the Hamburg Ship Model Basin, in Hamburg, Germany
from August 17-20, 1993. There was a strong emphasis on ships in ice-covered waters at this
conference. The keynote lectures included the political and scientific trends in the Arctic
(O. Rogne), the importance of marine transportation for the Russian Arctic (A. Granberg) and
global change and Arctic sea ice (P. Lemke). Dr. Joachim Schwarz was the Chairman of the conference.
POAC’95 - Murmansk
The thirteenth POAC Conference took place in Murmansk, Russia from August 15-18, 1995.
This was the first time that the POAC conference was held in Russia. There were a considerable
number of papers related to ice properties and shipping in the Arctic, especially with regard to
the Northern Sea Route. Dr. V. Michailichenko was the Chairman of the conference.
POAC’97 - Yokohama
The fourteenth conference was held in Yokohama, Japan from April 13-17, 1997. This
conference was held jointly with the ASME Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering OMAE
Conference. There were a number of papers at this conference related to ships and navigation
in ice and activities in the Okhotsk region. Dr. H. Kitagawa was the Chairman of the conference.
Photos from POAC’97
POAC’99 - Espoo
The fifteenth POAC Conference was again held in Finland at the Helsinki University of
Technology, in Espoo, Finland from August 23-27, 1999. This conference covered a wide range
of topics including ice loads on ships and propellers, environmental issues and Arctic
developments. There was a joint POAC-IAHR Workshop on ice crushing. Professor Kaj Riska was
the Chairman of the conference.
Photos from POAC’99
POAC’01 - Ottawa
The sixteenth conference was hosted by the Canadian Hydraulics Centre, NRC in Ottawa,
Canada from August 12-17, 2001. The theme of this POAC conference was “Ice Engineering
Applied to Offshore Regions”. The conference included special sessions on all offshore
regions where oil and gas activity was taking place, including Northstar in Alaska, the Sakhalin
region, the Caspian Sea, and Canada’s East Coast, as well as sessions on international
projects – PERD (Canada), JOIA (Japan), and INTAS and LOLEIF (Europe). Keynote lectures
included the Terra Nova project (G. Lever), the Northstar project (D. Blanchet), ice
information for marine operations (J. Falkingham), history of ice research in Japan (H. Kitagawa)
and research needs for the Barents Sea (S. Løset). Dr. Garry Timco was the Chairman of
Photos from POAC’01
POAC’03 - Trondheim
The seventeenth POAC Conference returned to Trondheim, Norway at the Norwegian University
of Science and Technology from June 16-19, 2003. This was the third time that the POAC
conference had been held in Norway. The conference featured keynote lectures on the ISO TC67
SC7 WG8 Intentional Standard for Arctic offshore structures (D. Blanchet, K. Croasdale and L.
Fogwill), offshore platforms for oil and gas production on the Russian Arctic shelf (A.
Malyutin and others), and Snøhvit, the world’s northernmost LNG project (J.
Kloving and O. Gudmestad). There were special sessions on the European STRICE project and
emergency evacuation from offshore structures in ice-covered waters. Professor Sveinung
Løset was the Chairman of the conference.
Photos from POAC’03
POAC’05 – Potsdam
The eighteenth POAC Conference was hosted by Clarkson University in Potsdam, NY, USA
from June 26-30, 2005. This was the third POAC conference hosted by the USA and the first
in the lower forty-eight states. Professor John Dempsey was the Chairman of the conference.
The conference featured keynote lectures including the History of POAC (G. Timco), sea ice
airfield maintenance at McMurdo (G. Blaisdell), decisions under uncertainty (I. Jordaan),
ice gouging and pipelines (A. Palmer), and icebreaking along the Newfoundland and Labrador
coast (Capt. J. Broderick).
Photos from POAC’05
POAC’07 – Dalian
The nineteenth POAC Conference was hosted by the Dalian University of Technology in Dalian,
China from June 27-30, 2007. This was the first POAC Conference held in China. Professor Qianjin
Yue was the Chairman of the Conference. There were over 80 papers at the conference covering a
range of topics. There were five keynote lectures including information on a new ice resistant
oil platform for the Bohai Bay (Zhongmin Shi), the new ISO TC67SC7WG8 International Standard for
Arctic Offshore Structures (Blanchet, Spring and others), coordinated modeling-observational approach
for changes in the Arctic seas (M. Ikeda and others), research on time-varying ice actions (T. Karna)
and oil-in-ice research in Japan (K. Izumiyama).
Photos from POAC’07
POAC’09 – Luleå
The 20th International POAC Conference was held in Luleå, Sweden, on June 9-12,
2009. One hundred and twenty papers were submitted and over 150 people attended the conference.
Professor Lennart Fransson was the Chairman of the conference. The conference was packed with
several keynote lectures, three parallel sessions, and interesting social activities including
an icebreaker party, boat trip to an island in the Swedish archipelago, and a banquet. These social
events featured delicious food of smoked and barbequed fish, reindeer stew and moose steaks.
After the conference, a number of people joined the organized tour to Jukkasjärvi, the site of
the winter Ice Hotel.
The keynote lectures included Fred Goldberg discussing historical ice
observations and possible future ice conditions in the Arctic; Lennart Fransson discussing the cold
regions research at Luleå Tekniska Universitet; Victor Santos-Pedro discussing the rules
for shipping in ice-covered waters; Jim Sandkvist outlining the operational demands of Arctic oil
exploration; Kaj Riska presenting interesting observations of the implementation of research results
into icebreaker design; and Sveinung Løset discussing applied sea ice research in offshore
operations. This was the first POAC conference with only electronic proceedings.
Photos from POAC’09
POAC’11 – Montréal
The 21th POAC Conference was held in Montréal on July 10-14, 2011. It was one of
the largest POAC conferences to date with 266 registrants including 241 registered participants from
16 countries (including 23 students) and 25 spouses. There were 151 papers including five keynote
lectures with three parallel sessions each day. Ivana Kubat was the Chairman of the conference and
Anne Barker was the Chair of the Technical Committee. There were 13 topics for sessions under the
conference theme Resource Development and Transportation in Polar Regions. In addition to an
excellent technical program, the conference organizers also ensured that all of the participants
tasted the French Canadian culture. An afternoon social event for all included a tour of the city of Montréal
(including a bus ride on the Montréal Formula 1 race track!) and a delightful evening at a sugar bush
deep in the heart of a maple tree forest. The meal including pea soup, baked beans, sausages, ham, Tourtiere
and more, all of which were of course smothered in maple syrup. The evening banquet on Wednesday featured
an excellent meal and conference chair Kubat presenting Dr. Joachim Schwarz with the POAC11 Founders
Lifetime Achievement Award.
The keynote lectures included Geneviève Carr discussing the management of oil and gas activities in
Canada's north and its related research, Tim Keane discussing year round Arctic operations, Walt Spring
presenting an update on the ISO 19906 International standard for Arctic Offshore Structures, Peter Noble
describing two early 20th century expeditions to the north and south poles and the lessons to be learned
from their successes and failures, and Sveinung Løset presenting an update on the Arctic offshore field
developments in deeper Eurasian waters. There was also a panel discussion chaired by Ross MacDonald on
Arctic shipping polar code rules.
Photos from POAC’11
POAC’13 – Espoo
The 22nd POAC Conference was hosted by the Aalto University School of Engineering, Department of Applied Mechanics, in Espoo, Finland on June 9-13, 2013. Prof. Jukka Tuhkuri was the Chairman of the Conference and Dr. Arttu Polojärvi was the Chairman of the Scientific Committee. 246 people from 16 different countries attended the conference including 37 student and 16 spouses. The conference had 14 topics for three parallel sessions each day. There were 152 papers and five keynote lectures. In addition to an excellent technical program, the conference organizers prepared interesting social activities including an icebreaker party, city reception at the Espoo Cultural Centre, boat trip to and an excursion of the Suomenlinna Sea Fortress, and a Banquet including delicious dinner at the HSS Boat House. During the banquet the conference chairman Prof. Tuhkuri presented Dr. Garry Timco with the POAC13 Founders Lifetime Achievement Award.
The keynote lectures included Dr. Mark Hopkins discussing discrete element sea ice modeling, Dr. Christian Haas presenting on topic Arctic sea ice and where are we headed, Dan Masterson discussing Ice engineering over the decades, Dr. Kaj Riska presenting an update on Development of Finish-Swedish ice class rules using resent research results and Dr. Jorma Kämäräinen discussing IMO Regulations and ice class rules.
POAC’15 – Trondheim
The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim, Norway, was the host of the 23rd International Conference on Port and Ocean Engineering under Arctic Conditions (POAC). The conference was held June 14th-18th, 2015 at the Campus of NTNU with the Department of Civil and Transport Engineering being the host. This was the fourth POAC conference hosted by NTNU (1971, 1979, 2003 and 2015).
Similar to the previous POAC conferences, POAC'15 was a premier event for international exchange on developments of several ice engineering topics. It was a forum for discussions and exchange of research results and field experience. In addition to the scientific programme, a number of adhoc meetings were arranged; in particular several ISO 19906 meetings.
The conference opened with a networking meeting on Sunday evening including a concert in the cathedral Nidarosdomen followed by a reception offered by Trondheim Municipal. The evening banquet on Wednesday featured an excellent conference chair Sveinung Løset whom together with Dr. Walter Spring presented Dr. Lennart Fransson with the POAC'15 Funders Lifetime Achievement Award.
The keynote lectures included 4 speakers:
On Monday Prof. Mauri Määttänen presented the topic Ice Induced Frequency Lock-in Vibrations - Converging towards Consensus. On Tuesday Dr. Dmitry A. Onishchenko gave a lecture on Probability Aspects in Designing Offshore Structures Against Ice Loads. The keynote lectures continued on Wednesday with Dr. Richard McKenna Iceberg Climate, Morphology, and Design Situations. The last keynote lecture was given by Prof. Erland M. Schulson on Thursday entitled Kinetic friction of ice sliding slowly over itself: Physical mechanisms.
Facts about POAC'15:
- 13 scientific topics
- 3 parallel scientific sessions
- 4 invited speakers
- 136 papers presented and available on the POAC'15 flash drive
- 194 attendees
- 5 attending the accompanying person's programme
- Attendees from 87 organizations worldwide
- Attendees from 18 countries
POAC'15 was financially supported by DNV GL, Eni Norge, Kværner, Multiconsult, NTNU and Statoil. The support was greatly appreciated.
In conclusion; POAC'15 was well attended. The conference run smoothly and was well organized by the Local Organising Committee.
The conference website can be found at www.ntnu.edu/poac15.